You have no items in your shopping cart.
Close
Search
Filters

A Comparative Dialectical Study of Genitive Constructions in Aramaic Translations of Exodus

This book uses the multiple Aramaic translations of Exodus to reveal important similarities and differences between five Aramaic dialects in the use of genitive constructions: the Syriac Peshitta, Targum Onkelos, three corpora of the Palestinian Targum, the Samaritan Targum, and fragments of a Christian Palestinian Aramaic translation of Exodus.
Publisher: Gorgias Press LLC
Availability: In stock
SKU (ISBN): 978-1-61143-002-8
  • *
Publication Status: In Print
Publication Date: Oct 19,2012
Interior Color: Black
Trim Size: 7 x 10
Page Count: 214
Language: English
ISBN: 978-1-61143-002-8
$219.00

The purpose of this book is to “mine the gold” in multiple Aramaic translations of the biblical book of Exodus. The pages within reveal important similarities and differences between five Aramaic dialects in the use of genitive constructions: the Syriac Peshitta, Targum Onkelos, three corpora of the Palestinian Targum, the Samaritan Targum, and fragments of a Christian Palestinian Aramaic translation of Exodus.

The book argues that there are three primary Aramaic genitive constructions that translate the construct phrase in Hebrew: the construct phrase, the genitive adjunct phrase with d-, and the genitive phrase with d- anticipated by a possessive suffix on the head noun (cataphoric construction). One important finding is that all the Aramaic dialects, except Samaritan Aramaic, use the adjunct genitive construction when the second member denotes the material composition of the first member.

It appears that the percentage of adjunct genitive constructions and cataphoric genitive constructions increased over time, with the highest percentage occurring in the latest writings. Regarding geography, since Peshitta has the lowest percentage of construct genitive constructions (with the exception of Christian Palestinian Aramaic), this research confirms that a tendency to use adjunct genitive constructions and cataphoric genitive constructions developed to a greater extent in Eastern Aramaic than in Western Aramaic. The evidence of the Aramaic dockets on Assyrian tablets from the 7th century B.C.E. supports the conclusion that the use of adjunct genitive constructions and cataphoric genitive constructions in Aramaic spread throughout time, especially east of Palestine, influenced by the use of ša in Akkadian.

Mark R. Meyer (B.S.E.E., North Carolina State University; M.S.E.E., The John Hopkins University; M.Div., Capital Bible Seminary; M.A., Ph.D., The Catholic University of America) is Professor of Old Testament Literature and Exegesis at Capital Bible Seminary in Lanham, Maryland, where he has been teaching since 1993. He is conversant in the Semitic languages and has taught nearly all of them throughout his tenure at the seminary. Dr. Meyer is also an ordained minister who has served as pastor in three different churches and also served on the top leadership team of two other churches. He is currently translating the biblical book of Exodus from the Syriac Peshitta into English for the Antioch Bible project.

The purpose of this book is to “mine the gold” in multiple Aramaic translations of the biblical book of Exodus. The pages within reveal important similarities and differences between five Aramaic dialects in the use of genitive constructions: the Syriac Peshitta, Targum Onkelos, three corpora of the Palestinian Targum, the Samaritan Targum, and fragments of a Christian Palestinian Aramaic translation of Exodus.

The book argues that there are three primary Aramaic genitive constructions that translate the construct phrase in Hebrew: the construct phrase, the genitive adjunct phrase with d-, and the genitive phrase with d- anticipated by a possessive suffix on the head noun (cataphoric construction). One important finding is that all the Aramaic dialects, except Samaritan Aramaic, use the adjunct genitive construction when the second member denotes the material composition of the first member.

It appears that the percentage of adjunct genitive constructions and cataphoric genitive constructions increased over time, with the highest percentage occurring in the latest writings. Regarding geography, since Peshitta has the lowest percentage of construct genitive constructions (with the exception of Christian Palestinian Aramaic), this research confirms that a tendency to use adjunct genitive constructions and cataphoric genitive constructions developed to a greater extent in Eastern Aramaic than in Western Aramaic. The evidence of the Aramaic dockets on Assyrian tablets from the 7th century B.C.E. supports the conclusion that the use of adjunct genitive constructions and cataphoric genitive constructions in Aramaic spread throughout time, especially east of Palestine, influenced by the use of ša in Akkadian.

Mark R. Meyer (B.S.E.E., North Carolina State University; M.S.E.E., The John Hopkins University; M.Div., Capital Bible Seminary; M.A., Ph.D., The Catholic University of America) is Professor of Old Testament Literature and Exegesis at Capital Bible Seminary in Lanham, Maryland, where he has been teaching since 1993. He is conversant in the Semitic languages and has taught nearly all of them throughout his tenure at the seminary. Dr. Meyer is also an ordained minister who has served as pastor in three different churches and also served on the top leadership team of two other churches. He is currently translating the biblical book of Exodus from the Syriac Peshitta into English for the Antioch Bible project.

Write your own review
  • Only registered users can write reviews
*
*
Bad
Excellent
*
*
*
*
ContributorBiography

Mark Meyer

Mark R. Meyer (B.S.E.E., North Carolina State University; M.S.E.E., The John Hopkins University; M.Div., Capital Bible Seminary; M.A., Ph.D., The Catholic University of America) is Coordinator of the Ph.D. in Biblical Studies program and Full Professor of Bible and Theology at Lancaster Bible College | Capital Seminary & Graduate School, where he has been teaching since 1993. He is conversant in the Semitic languages and has taught nearly all of them throughout his tenure at the seminary. Prof. Meyer is the author of A Comparative Dialectical Study of Genitive Constructions in Aramaic Translations of Exodus (Gorgias Press, 2012), and has translated the Exodus volume of the Antioch Bible.

  • Acknowledgments (page 11)
  • Chapter One: Introduction (page 13)
    • A. Purpose (page 13)
    • B. Methodology (page 13)
    • C. Selection of Categories of Syntactic Relationship between the First and Second Member (page 14)
    • D. The Phases of Aramaic (page 14)
    • E. The Dialects of Aramaic (page 16)
    • F. History of Research (page 28)
    • G. Summary of Research (page 38)
  • Chapter Two: The Use of Genitive Constructions in Syriac Peshitta (page 41)
    • A. Introduction (page 41)
    • B. Classification by Combinations (page 41)
    • C. Analysis by First Members (page 49)
    • D. Analysis by Second Members (page 62)
    • E. Combinations Where Both Members Are the Same but a Different Construction Is Used (page 75)
    • F. Conclusions (page 75)
    • G. A Survey of the Use of Genitive Constructions in Early and Later Syriac Texts (page 77)
  • Chapter Three: The Use of Genitive Constructions in Targum Onkelos (page 83)
    • A. Introduction (page 83)
    • B. Classification by Combinations (page 83)
    • C. Analysis by First Members (page 97)
    • D. Analysis by Second Members (page 108)
    • E. Conclusions (page 123)
    • F. A Comparison of the Use of Genitive Constructions in Imperial Aramaic with Their Use in TO Exodus (page 124)
  • Chapter Four: The Use of Genitive Constructions in Targum Neofiti I (page 129)
    • A. Introduction (page 129)
    • B. Classification by Combinations (page 129)
    • C. Analysis by First Members (page 142)
    • D. Analysis by Second Members (page 158)
    • E. Conclusions (page 172)
  • Chapter Five: The Use of Genitive Constructions in the Fragments of the Palestinian Targumim (page 173)
    • A. Introduction (page 173)
    • B. Differences Between TN and the Geniza Mss and Fragment Targums (page 174)
    • C. Conclusions (page 179)
  • Chapter Six: The Use of Genitive Constructions in Christian Palestinian Aramaic (page 181)
    • A. Introduction (page 181)
    • B. Classification by Combinations (page 181)
    • C. Complete Agreement between CPA, P, and LXX (page 185)
    • D. Disagreement between CPA and LXX (page 186)
    • E. Disagreement between CPA and P (page 187)
    • F. Conclusions (page 190)
  • Chapter Seven: The Use of Genitive Constructions in the Samaritan Targum (page 191)
    • A. Introduction (page 191)
    • B. Classification by Combinations (page 192)
    • C. Conclusions (page 195)
  • Chapter Eight: Conclusion (page 197)
    • A. Major Determinative Criteria (page 197)
    • B. Spectrum of Dialects (page 202)
  • Bibliography (page 209)
Customers who bought this item also bought

Greek Indicative Verbs in the Christian Palestinian Aramaic Gospels

Translation Technique and the Aramaic Verbal System
ISBN: 978-1-61143-895-6
As virtually all Christian Palestinian Aramaic texts consist of translations, one cannot adequately discuss its verbal system without taking into account translation technique. The present study consists of a study of the translation of Greek Indicative verbs in the Christian Palestinian Aramaic Gospels and its implications for the understanding of the Christian Palestinian Aramaic verbal system.
$173.00

An Introduction to Syriac Studies (Third Edition)

ISBN: 978-1-4632-0713-7
This Introduction aims to provide basic guidance to important areas of Syriac studies. The relevance of Syriac studies to a variety of other fields is explored. A brief orientation to the history of Syriac literature is offered, and Syriac is set within the context of the other Aramaic dialects. A thorough discussion on important tools (Instrumenta Studiorum) is presented; topics include grammars, dictionaries, the Bible in Syriac, histories of Syriac literature, bibliographical aids and relevant series, periodicals, and encyclopedias. This Introduction should prove useful both for the student beginning Syriac studies and for scholars working in adjacent fields.
$39.00 $27.30

Ash‘arism Encounters Avicennism

Sayf al-Dīn al-Āmidī on Creation
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0719-9
This study of Sayf al-Dīn al-Āmidī’s (d. 631/1233) teachings on creation offers close analysis of all of his extant works of falsafa and kalām. Some of these were not known to previous scholars, yet they bear witness to key facets of the interaction between the historically inimical traditions of Hellenic philosophy and rational theology at this important intellectual moment. Al-Āmidī is seen to grapple with the encounter of two paradigms for the discussion of creation. On the one hand, Ibn Sīnā’s metaphysical concept of necessity of existence is the basis of his doctrine of the world’s pre-eternal emanation. On the other, for the mutakallimūn, the physical theory of atomism bolsters the view that God created the world from nothing. This study is of interest to scholars of Ibn Sīnā and Ash‘arism alike, as it advances our understanding of the ongoing tradition of rational theology in the Islamic world, long past Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī’s (d. 505/1111) famous attack on the philosophers.
$114.95

Classical Syriac Phonology

ISBN: 978-1-4632-0525-6
This book provides a description of Classical Syriac phonology based on fully vocalized biblical texts and the detailed comments by medieval Syriac grammarians. In addition to a description of Syriac consonants and vowels (including vowel quantity and stress), there are chapters on the compararive Semitic background of Syriac phonology and the grammatical features of the pre-classical inscriptions, and comparison with both eastern and western varieties of Jewish Aramaic. The modern dialect of Turoyo is also examined, and two appendices discuss the traditional pronunciation of West Syriac and the pronunciation of Modern Literary Syriac, and offer a sketch of Turoyo phonology.
$134.00 $93.80