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Ancient Near East

The ancient Near East refers to early civilizations in a region roughly corresponding to the modern Middle East: Mesopotamia (modern Iraq and Syria), Anatolia (modern Turkey), the Levant (modern Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, and Jordan), as well as Persia (modern Iran), and Ancient Egypt, from the beginnings of Sumer in the 6th millennium BCE until the region's conquest by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE.

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Excavations at Troy, 1937

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 246
ISBN: 978-1-60724-475-2
The fourth of Carl Blegen's reports on the excavation of Troy for the American Journal of Archeology concentrating on the Trojan acropolis.

Excavations at Troy, 1936

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 245
ISBN: 978-1-60724-474-5
The third of Carl Blegen's reports on the excavation of Troy for the American Journal of Archeology concentrating on a large house continuously occupied in some capacity from Troy I – VII.

Excavations at Troy, 1935

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 243
ISBN: 978-1-60724-472-1
The second of Carl Blegen's reports on the excavation of Troy for the American Journal of Archeology detailing a small residential area.

Excavations at Troy 1934

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 242
ISBN: 978-1-60724-471-4
The first of Carl Blegen's reports on the excavation of Troy for the American Journal of Archeology detailing a small residential area.

Iron, Prehistoric and Ancient

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 241
ISBN: 978-1-60724-470-7
Richardson and Hertz present opposing viewpoints for the origin of iron working in the transition from Bronze Age to Iron, one arguing a European origin and the other a Near Eastern/ Egyptian.

Five Transliterated Aramaic Inscriptions

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 230
ISBN: 978-1-60724-459-2
William Newbold deciphers inscriptions found under the soot and lava of Vesuvius in which Aramaic speakers used Greek and Latin letters to render their native tongue, occasionally in a mixture of Aramaic and Latin.

Ancient Orientation Unveiled

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 212
ISBN: 978-1-60724-441-7
Frothingham presents an ambitious overview of the development of orientation, or the directionality of sacrifice, prayer, and ritual, played a key role in ancient ceremonies, in the practice of ancient religions.

Babylonian Origin of Hermes the Snake-God, and of the Caduceus

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 209
ISBN: 978-1-60724-438-7
Arthur Frothingham, one of the founding fathers of Art History, here discusses the origins of Hermes, and suggests that the prototype of Hermes was an Eastern deity of Babylonian extraction.

The Characteristics of Eye Beads from the Earliest Times to the Present

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 208
ISBN: 978-1-60724-437-0
In this ambitious article Eisen creates a chronology of eye beads (glass beads decorated with eye-like spots) from sites in Europe, the Near East, and North Africa.

Greek Inscriptions from Sardes

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 297
ISBN: 978-1-60724-526-1
This piece includes the text, translation, and commentary for a long inscription found on the temple of Artemis and shorter honorific inscriptions on cylindrical stelai found in the ancient city, all dating from the 4th century BC.

The Mycenaean Palace at Nippur

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 277
ISBN: 978-1-60724-506-3
This site report presents a Mycenean palace found at Nippur (a city in the heart of ancient Babylon) with a floor-plan and style similar to the palace at Tiryns.


Series: Analecta Gorgiana 261
ISBN: 978-1-60724-490-5
Rufus B. Richardson, the director of the American School of Classical Studies in Athens at the time of this paper, publishes the discovery of the fountain of Pirene in Corinth.

The Hittite Gods in Hittite Art

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 260
ISBN: 978-1-60724-489-9
In this article, the famous Assyriologist William Ward discusses the gods of the Hittites as the appear in in art as well as foreign deities who commonly appear alongside them.

Some Recent Results of the University of Pennsylvania Excavations at Nippur, Especially of the Temple Hill

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 256
ISBN: 978-1-60724-485-1
The site report for the University of Pennsylvania's excavation of Nippur in Iraq. The detailed excavation report includes photographs, diagrams, and topographical map.

Gargara, Lamponia and Pionia: Towns of the Troad

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 253
ISBN: 978-1-60724-482-0
In the tradition of Schliemann's search for Troy, Clarke uses literary and topographic data to suggest site locations for the ancient cities of Gargara, Lampascus, and Pionia in the Troad.

Antiquities of Southern Phrygia and the Border Lands

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 252
ISBN: 978-1-60724-481-3
Survey of finds and literary sources documenting the cities of imperial Roman Phrygia's borderlands.

Discoveries in the Attic Deme of Ikaria, 1888

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 251
ISBN: 978-1-60724-480-6
Site report of the American School of Classical Studies in Athens (ASCSA) detailing the major finds and excavation of the Attic deme of Ikaria in Athens.

Egyptian Origin of the Ionic Capital and of the Anthemion

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 203
ISBN: 978-1-60724-432-5
An article tracing the development of the Ionic column from Egyptian lotus motifs through Assyrian rosettes and Cypriot pottery motifs.

In the Wake of Tikva Frymer-Kensky

ISBN: 978-1-59333-977-7
This volume consists of 14 papers delivered by Assyriologists and biblical specialists at the 2007 Society of Biblical Literature congress in sessions devoted to the scholarly legacy of the late Tikva Frymer-Kensky, Professor of the Hebrew Bible at the Divinity School of the University of Chicago.

Sumerian Records from Drehem

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 22
ISBN: 978-1-59333-579-3
Now a fixture in Sumerian studies, Nesbit’s initial publication of thirty tablets from Drehem is deceptively pedestrian at first glance. As the author demonstrates, a close look at these texts reveals invaluable information on the religious and social life of everyday Sumerians.

Kings of the Hittites

The Schweich Lectures 1924
Series: Analecta Gorgiana 43
ISBN: 978-1-59333-742-1
Copiously illustrated, this set of three lectures on the Hittites of southern Anatolia is a valuable introduction to the sites of Zenjirli, Sakjegeuzi, and Carchemish. Chosen because of the importance of southern Anatolia to the biblical record, these locations are explained from an archaeologist’s viewpoint and presented in an easily readable format.

The Discoveries in Crete

And their Bearing on the History of Ancient Civilization
ISBN: 978-1-59333-955-5
Indeed a classic of accessible archaeological writing, Burrows’ study of ancient Crete was one of the main contributors to the commencement of modern understanding of the Minoans. The earliest traces of the Minoan civilization are sketched out before he turns to the historical periods when Minos flourished. The sack of Knossos and the end of the Bronze Age are narrated against the archaeological background. Aware of the cultural continuity of classical stories from the island, he introduces the topic of the minotaur and the famed labyrinth of Knossos. For anyone interested in the roots of western civilization, or of the founding of classical civilizations, this book remains an essential reading.

The History of the Governors of Egypt by Abu 'Umar Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Kindi

Edited from a Unique Manuscript in the British Museum
ISBN: 978-1-59333-766-7
Published for the first time in this book is the History of the Governors of Egypt by Abu Umar Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Kindi (d. 870). Edited from a single manuscript by Nicholas Koenig, this study is as close as possible to a critical edition when only one manuscript survives.

Geography Toward History

Studies in the Mediterranean Basin, Mesopotamia and Central Asia
By Ellsworth Huntington; Introduction by Barry Vann
ISBN: 978-1-59333-861-9
This work compiles essays by Dr. Huntington concerning the usefulness of geography and climatology for understanding history and projecting environmental outcomes. It is of value to students of geography, climatology and Mediterranean, the Near Eastern and Central Asian history.

“I Sat Alone”

Jeremiah Among the Prophets
ISBN: 978-1-59333-854-1
The prophet Jeremiah is among the most complex and intriguing characters in the Bible. This study of the prophet focuses on the major biographical episodes in the prophet’s book and their interpretation. After setting the historical background of the prophet, Avioz then explores Jeremiah’s prophetic call. All major events of his life are parsed for a deeper insight into the prophet's life. Those with whom Jeremiah interacts, the kings of Judah and the false prophets, are assessed in contrast with the prophet. Avioz concludes his study with a consideration of Jeremiah’s legacy down to the present day.