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Biblical Studies

Biblical Studies is the collection of sub-fields that investigates the text of the Hebrew Bible and the Greek New Testament. It is also includes broader academic sub-fields that incorporate relevant disciplines such as literary criticism, theology, textual criticism, history, and liturgy. The Gorgias Biblical Studies series publishes monographs on the history, theology, redaction and literary criticism of the biblical texts. Perspectives on Hebrew Scriptures and its Contexts deals with the study of the Hebrew Bible and Biblical Hebrew and cognate languages. Biblical Intersections explores various topics beyond theological or exclusively historical exegetical studies, including the relationship of Hebrew and Christian scripture to philosophy, sociology, anthropology, economics, cultural studies, intertextuality and literary studies.

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Perspectives on Hebrew Scriptures IX

Comprising the Contents of Journal of Hebrew Scriptures, vol. 12
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0420-4
This volume incorporates all the articles and reviews published in volume 12 (2012) of the Journal of Hebrew Scriptures.
$200.90

The Life and Works of Severus of Antioch in the Coptic and Copto-Arabic Tradition

Texts and Commentaries
ISBN: 978-1-61719-738-3
Severus of Antioch is by far the most prolific and well known theologian of the non-Chalcedonian churches. Although his life and writings came to our knowledge in Syriac, gaining him the title “Crown of the Syriac Literature,” many texts relating to his life and works survived in the Coptic and Copto-Arabic tradition, as well as a number of other texts that were traditionally attributed to him. This book provides an analysis of these texts as well as a discussion of the veneration of Severus of Antioch in the Coptic Church.
$156.10

"I will be King over you!"

The Rhetoric of Divine Kingship in the Book of Ezekiel
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0286-6
This book examines various rhetorical ways in which the motif of Yahweh’s Kingship functions in the Book of Ezekiel and explores what these arguments contribute to our understanding of the prophetic book as a whole.
$117.60

Central Sanctuary and Centralization of Worship in Ancient Israel

From the Settlement to the Building of Solomon's Temple
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0368-9
This book provides the first major reinvestigation and reinterpretation of the history of centralization of worship in ancient Israel since de Wette and Wellhausen in the nineteenth century. Old Testament scholarship has thus far relied on the consensus that the book of Deuteronomy is the product of late monarchic Judah (7th century BC). Pitkänen places the biblical material in its archaeological and ancient Near Eastern context and pays special attention to rhetorical analysis. The author suggests that the book of Joshua, as well as its sources (such as Deuteronomy) may have originated as early as before the disaster of Aphek and the rejection of Shiloh.
$127.00

Early Readers, Scholars and Editors of the New Testament

Papers from the Eighth Birmingham Colloquium on the Textual Criticism of the New Testament
Edited by H. A. G. Houghton
Series: Texts and Studies 11
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0411-2
A collection of ten original papers on the New Testament text, first presented in 2013, which reflect the diversity of current research. Examples of ancient engagement with the Bible include Origen, Eusebius of Caesarea and Augustine along with early translations.
$98.70

Jacob of Sarug’s Homilies on Jesus' Temptation

Edited and Translated by Adam Carter McCollum
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0285-9
This volume presents, with introduction and annotations, two metrical homilies (Bedjan nos. 82, 126) of Jacob of Sarug in which he reflects on the Temptation of Jesus as combat between Satan and Jesus, the latter emerging as the humble victor.
$32.90

John Rufus and the World Vision of Anti-Chalcedonean Culture

Second Revised Edition
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0389-4
This book deals with the works of the anti-Chalcedonian hagiographer, John Rufus, and traces the basic motives behind the opposition against the council of Chalcedon in the fifth century through an attempt to reconstruct a specific anti-Chalcedonian culture. As part of the eastern monastic culture, it considered itself a counter-culture guarding purity of ascetic conduct and orthodoxy from being defiled by the perverseness of the majority. Reading John Rufus' hagiography, we find ourselves in the midst of a cosmological warfare between good and evil, where the great heroes of the anti-Chalcedonian movement enter into history as God's warriors against the rebellion of demons and heretics.
$85.00

Healing in the Theology of Saint Ephrem

ISBN: 978-1-4632-0390-0
Ephrem, the most celebrated writer of the Syriac Church, presents a wide range of theological themes and images that are characteristic of fourth-century Syrian Christianity. A significant theme that no one has yet studied in Ephrem is the concept of sickness and healing. This book presents the significance of healing theology and the ways in which the healing of man - spiritually, mentally, and corporally - is highly valued by Ephrem. The main part of the book deals with the causes of spiritual sickness and the process of healing, and the way in which Ephrem places them in the divine history of salvation.
$105.70

The Filioque Impasse

Patristic Roots
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0403-7
A fascinating study of the underlying reasons for the disagreement over the clause “and the Son” in the Western version of the Niceno-Constantinopolitan creed, which contributed to the schism between Eastern and Western Christians. Coetzee argues that there has been a great deal of misunderstanding of the positions of each tradition by the other, partly due to the fact that East and West imbue certain key words, such as ‘person’ and ‘unity’, with different meanings which Coetzee believes come from different understandings of Hellenic philosophy. Against this backdrop, Coetzee sets about clearing up some of the misunderstandings.
$69.30

The Scholia of Barhebraeus on the Gospel of Matthew

Gregorii Abulfarag Bar Ebhraya in Evangelium Matthaei Scholia
Edited by J. Spanuth
Series: Analecta Gorgiana 651
ISBN: 978-1-61719-600-3
This volume contains the Syriac text of Barhebraeus’ critical and doctrinal commentary on the Gospel of Matthew from his work known as the Storehouse of Mysteries.
$32.90

Standing At Lyon

An Examination of the Martyrdom of Blandina of Lyon
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0384-9
The suffering woman, Blandina, emerges as an archetypal figure of the martyrs of Lyon. This slave-woman ultimately arises to engage in battle with the powers of the Roman Empire. Through the application of Bowen Family Systems Theory and the writings of Michel Foucault the book explains the function of anxiety, and the dynamics at work in the system that result in the failure of Roman authority to use power to quell the rise of Christianity. The reactions of those who might appear to be the most powerful are essential in gifting power to this lowly slave.
$52.50

The Mark of Cain and the Jews

Augustine’s Theology of Jews and Judaism
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0385-6
This book examines the development of Augustine of Hippo’s theology of the Jewish people and Judaism. Formulating a typological association between the biblical figure of Cain and the Jews, he crafts a highly intricate theology that justifies and even demands the continuing presence of Jews and their religious practices in a Christian society. Such a theology emerges out of his highly original interpretation of Genesis 4:1–15 and yet mirrors and theologically justifies the reality of Jews and Judaism in the late Roman Empire.
$56.70

Aphrahat the Persian Sage and the Temple of God

A Study of Early Syriac Theological Anthropology
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0386-3
Aphrahat the Persian Sage, (fl. 337-345 C.E.), was a Syriac Christian author who wrote twenty-three treatises entitled The Demonstrations. This book examines “temple” as a key image for Aphrahat’s theological anthropology. The temple is central for both Jews and Christians; it is the place of sacrifice, meeting, and communication with the Divine. For Aphrahat, the devout Christian person may be a micro-temple which then allows one to encounter the divine both within oneself and through a vision ascent to the heavenly temple.
$63.70

St. Cyril of Alexandria, A New Testament Exegete

His Commentary on the Gospel of John
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0387-0
This study portrays Cyril of Alexandria as exegete and theologian through an examination of his Commentary on the Gospel John. It begins with an attempt to place Cyril and his commentary within their context. This work argues that Cyril wrote his Commentary on the Gospel of John early in his writing career, almost a decade before becoming bishop. Cyril’s commentary on the Johannine Gospel reveals his exegetical method and his strong Trinitarian theology. The commentary also focuses on the nature and work of the Holy Spirit: the indwelling of the Spirit is the beginning of the newness of life.
$81.90

Simple and Bold

Ephrem’s Art of Symbolic Thought
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0388-7
Ephrem the Syrian is known as one of the greatest Christian poets and as a unique author whose mode of thought is usually described as “symbolic.” In this work, Kees den Biesen explores the literary, intellectual, and theological mechanisms at work in Ephrem’s writings with the specific aim of identifying the exact nature of his “symbolic thought” and evaluating its contemporary relevance. Den Biesen elaborates a comprehensive approach that integrates a variety of methods into a genuinely theological methodology. He then proposes his own comprehensive understanding of the nature and merits of Ephrem’s symbolic thought.
$98.70

Scepticism and Ironic Correlations in the Joy Statements of Qoheleth?

ISBN: 978-1-4632-0372-6
This book is a response to the popular counter-reading of Ecclesiastes in the 1980s and 90s as a book of “joy” (rather than a pessimistic book). It examines the seven “joy statements” of Qoheleth in the light of analogies with scepticism and the literary form of irony. Irony, like scepticism, has the function to induce doubt and questions. The joy statements of Qoheleth are likely analogous to expressions of complex irony—whereby what is said is both meant and not meant. This examination highlights the complexity of the biblical book—while demonstrating how unlikely the “joy reading” may be.
$56.00

"Blessed is He who has brought Adam from Sheol"

Christ's Descent to the Dead in the Theology of Saint Ephrem the Syrian
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0267-5
Buchan’s work is an examination of the theological use of the doctrine of Christ's descent to the dead in the works of Saint Ephrem the Syrian (ca. 306-373 C.E.). Ephrem's conception of Christ's descent to Sheol provides us with an important and distinctive vision of the significance of this salvific event. Ephrem's use of Semitic and non-Western poetic forms and structures as a mode of theological discourse, coupled with his preference for imagery and symbolism rather than definition, resulted in a variety of vivid depictions of Christ's descent to Sheol. The doctrine is shown to be an integral and multifaceted component of Ephrem's theology.
$89.60

Wisdom at Qumran

A Form-Critical Analysis of the Admonitions in 4QInstruction
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0369-6
This study provides background on wisdom forms, the key Qumran sectarian texts, and wisdom studies related to the Dead Sea Scrolls. 4QInstruction includes poetic discourses, hymnic material, and short wisdom sayings and admonitions. A major focus is placed on the admonitions, which are discussed in terms of their structure, wisdom forms, and setting. The admonitions are expressed in biblical wisdom forms, showing a familiarity with and acceptance of traditional Hebrew wisdom, including a focus on traditional themes. Yet, when read from the sectarian perspective, 4QInstruction reinforces the guidelines and theology of the key Dead Sea Scroll documents.
$79.80

Moses, David and the High Kingship of Yahweh

A Canonical Study of Book IV of the Psalter
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0370-2
Has the Old Testament Psalter been purposefully arranged? Does this arrangement convey an overall message? This book enters into the growing discussion regarding the canonical arrangement of the Psalms by examining Book IV (Pss 90-106) and considering the book's overall theological and thematic message within the literary context of the Psalter. This volume argues that Psalms 90-106 have been purposely arranged as a rejoinder to the previous three books, in response to the rise and fall of Davidic kingship. This hypothesis is tested by examining how Psalms 90-106 may have been purposely organized as a collection.
$85.40

A Redaction History of the Pentateuch Targums

Genesis 1:26–27 in the Exegetical Context of Formative Judaism
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0371-9
This volume combines Targum studies with Judaic studies. The author assigns different Targums each to a respective particular “Sitz im Leben”, stressing the close connection between Targum and Midrash literature. She challenges the assumption that all extant Targums were compiled for the Synagogue. Instead, she suggests that Targum Onqelos might have fulfilled a function in the context of the early beth din and demonstrates that Pseudo-Jonathan can be linked with the rhetorical practices which abounded in later amoraic, educational circles.
$73.50

Between Law and Narrative

The Method and Function of Abstraction
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0373-3
Aside from being the content of speeches by characters in narrative, how do passages of laws in the Pentateuch interact with the surrounding narratives? This book proposes that certain passages of law in Leviticus and Numbers offer direction for the interpretation of adjacent segments of narrative. This 'direction' may serve to emphasize select themes and concepts in narrative. Alternatively, it may misdirect readers, or suggest alternative options to more accessible interpretations for a stretch of narrative.
$75.60

Drought, Famine, Plague and Pestilence

Ancient Israel’s Understandings of and Responses to Natural Catastrophes
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0374-0
This interdisciplinary study integrates textual analysis of the Hebrew Bible and comparable ancient Near Eastern material with social theory and archaeology in order to articulate the ancient Israelites' taken-for-granted understandings of natural disasters, their intellectual and theological challenges to those understandings, and their intellectual and theological reconstructions thereof.
$56.00

Speaking on the Brink of Sheol

Form and Message of Old Testament Death Stories
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0375-7
Since its inception at the beginning of the twentieth century, form criticism has diminished in popularity and use in recent years. Bryan H. Cribb’s studies demonstrates that, if appropriately modified, form criticism still has much to add to Old Testament studies. Using a synchronic and inductive approach to the text, Cribb engages in a form critical study of nine “death stories” in the Old Testament. In so doing, he not only provides substantial support for the existence of this genre, but he also shows how remarkably fruitful such a study can be in revealing the messages of these accounts.
$82.60

The Dialogues of Jeremiah

Toward a Phenomenology of Exile
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0376-4
An emerging consensus maintains that the exile was not as extensive as the Old Testament claims. However, that it held singular importance for the book of Jeremiah is beyond question. Modine argues that Jeremiah represents a range of options for understanding and responding to the events surrounding the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple. This volume reads the diverse contents of Jeremiah as a kind of dialogue between competing perceptions of the exile. The author argues that coherence is to be found precisely in the incoherent, as it reflects the communal trauma of exile.
$74.20

Abortion and the Apostolate

A Study in Pauline Conversion, Rhetoric, and Scholarship
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0377-1
This book argues that it is the rejection of Paul’s claims to be an apostle in the same sense as the other apostles that ultimately underlies his “mission to the Gentiles.” This argument is advanced through a careful analysis of Paul’s references to his “conversion” in Galatians 1:15-17 and 1 Corinthians 15:8, paying particular attention to Paul’s evocative use of the language of abortion. The contextualization of this curious self-description in 1 Corinthians 15:8 draws upon a growing body of work concerning an area of ancient life that continues to fascinate and perplex moderns; the exposure of unwanted infants.
$65.10