Biblical Studies

Biblical Studies is the collection of sub-fields that investigates the text of the Hebrew Bible and the Greek New Testament. It is also includes broader academic sub-fields that incorporate relevant disciplines such as literary criticism, theology, textual criticism, history, and liturgy. The Gorgias Biblical Studies series publishes monographs on the history, theology, redaction and literary criticism of the biblical texts. Perspectives on Hebrew Scriptures and its Contexts deals with the study of the Hebrew Bible and Biblical Hebrew and cognate languages. Biblical Intersections explores various topics beyond theological or exclusively historical exegetical studies, including the relationship of Hebrew and Christian scripture to philosophy, sociology, anthropology, economics, cultural studies, intertextuality and literary studies.

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Jesus as New Moses in Matthew 8–9

Jewish Typology in First Century Greek Literature
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0086-2
This volume explores the fascinating narrative structure and thematic elements of Matthew 8–9 which typologically present Jesus as the ‘New-Moses’ leading his people out of eschatlogical exile. This typology is created using imagery of Jesus’ healing diseases which find their antecedent in the Mosaic legal suit of Deut 28–30, and Matthew’s explicit citation of Isa. 53, in which the Servant is predominantly envisioned as a Mosaic figure. The intervening call narratives brings a reconstitution of the twelve tribes. The author concludes by exploring the possible rationale and motivation for Matthew’s typological association of Jesus with Moses.

Codex 2400 and Its Miniatures

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 990
ISBN: 978-1-61143-943-4
This work contains illustrations of the thirteenth century Byzantine New Testament at the Rockefeller-McCormack collection in Chicago with a full description of its text, provenance, and the artistic and theological significance of the miniatures.

Terms for Eternity: Aiônios and Aïdios in Classical and Christian Texts

ISBN: 978-1-61143-970-0
What is truly timeless? This book explores two ancient Greek terms for eternity, aiônios and aïdios. It traces these terms from their earliest occurrence in Pre-Socratic philosophy and Plato and through their interaction with Jewish thought and down into the patristic fathers, where they play a crucial role in debates over eternal punishment vs. universal salvation.

The Archaeology of Cult in Middle Bronze Age Canaan

The Sacred Area at Tel Haror, Israel
ISBN: 978-1-59333-791-9
What was Canaanite religion like during the Middle Bronze Age, at the time of the biblical patriarchs? This volume presents a theoretical model for identifying ritual behavior in the archaeological record, providing a test case using the rich material culture and structures that have been unearthed at the biblical city of Gerar (Tel Haror, Israel).

The Sentences of the Syriac Menander

Introduction, Text and Translation, and Commentary
ISBN: 978-1-61143-488-0
The Sentences of the Syriac Menander appears in two Syriac manuscripts in the British Library, a full version in one codex, and a far shorter version, only a small fraction thereof, in another. This book presents a commentary on the text in its complete version focusing on parallels from both Jewish tradition and the Greco-Roman world, showing that the text is not, as it claims, the work of the Greek author Menander, but rather a work of Jewish Wisdom Literature composed in Syriac, possibly in the ancient city of Edessa itself, and preserved within Christian monastic circles.

Opening Heaven's Floodgates

The Genesis Flood Narrative, its Context, and Reception
Edited by Jason M. Silverman
ISBN: 978-1-61143-894-9
The narrative of Noah’s flood in Genesis draws perennial interest from scholars and the general public. Too often, however, historical and exegetical studies of the text, the story’s reception, and discussion of theological appropriation remain aloof from each other, if not at odds. This volume takes the influential nature of the flood story as an ideal opportunity to bring some of these methods into dialogue.

The Ethics of Violence in the Story of Aqhat

ISBN: 978-1-59333-975-3
An examination of the ethics of violence in the Ugaritic story of Aqhat using the conventions of characterization and the conflicting points of view. The points of view of the divine characters El, Baal, Anat, Yatpan, are contrasted with the points of view of the human characters, Aqhat, Dan'il and Pughat, in order to bring out the multi-dimensional aspect of Anat's violence.

Lesser Deities in the Ugaritic Texts and the Hebrew Bible

A Comparative Study of Their Nature and Roles
ISBN: 978-1-59333-820-6
A comparative work on the nature and various roles of the lesser deities, the so-called angels, in the Ugaritic texts and the Hebrew Bible. Sang Youl Cho insists on the necessity for a comparative study between the two religious literatures from Ugarit and ancient Israel. The present study is interested in their membership in the heavenly council, their kinship among the deities, and their roles such as messengers, warriors, mediators, or servants, which have numerous similarities in the Ugaritic texts and the Old Testament.

Studies on Magic and Divination in the Biblical World

ISBN: 978-1-61143-869-7
A selection of essays on magic and divination in relation to the biblical world, including Mesopotamian demonology, Akkadian literary influences, exorcism, healing, calendars, astrology, bibliomancy, dreams, ritual magic, priestly divination, prophecy, magic in the Christian Apocrypha and the New Testament, magic in rabbinic literature, and Jewish Aramaic magic bowls.

In Search of the Seventy "Weeks" of Daniel 9

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 1077
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0124-1
Athas challenges the past assumptions by Book of Daniel scholars, especially with regard to the symbolism in Chapter 9. This exegesis provides a theory for chronological interpretation that includes dates for calculating the seventy weeks mentioned in Daniel's vision.

Jacob of Sarug’s Homily on the Partaking of the Holy Mysteries

Translation and Introduction by Amir Harrak
ISBN: 978-1-60724-086-0
This edition of Mar Jacob of Sarug's (d. 521) homily on Partaking in the Holy Mysteries is one of Jacob’s memre on the sacraments. In this homily, Jacob is shocked that some of his congregants are leaving the service early, before the eucharist has been celebrated. He emphasizes the importance of the liturgical celebrations for a Christian life in a message still applicable today. The volume constitutes a fascicle of The Metrical Homilies of Mar Jacob of Sarug, which, when complete, will contain the original Syriac text of Jacob's surviving sermons, fully vocalized, alongside an annotated English translation.

English Grammar Guide for Language Students

Especially students of Biblical Hebrew, New Testament Greek, Latin, and related modern languages
Series: Gorgias Handbooks 27
ISBN: 978-1-61143-864-2
Too many incoming students are fluent in English but unable to discuss the language grammatically. Introductory language courses and textbooks often assume a proficiency and familiarity with grammatical terms that is not possessed by the students. This guide delivers an understanding of English grammar starting from simple concepts and presupposing no background or vocabulary. This book is designed as a textbook and a reference for students beginning a New Testament Greek, Biblical Hebrew, Aramaic or Latin course.

The Ascription of Physical Disability as a Stigmatizing Strategy in Biblical Iconic Polemics

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 1087
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0134-0
This article presents the ascription of physical disability as a strategy to communicate disapproval of icons in various passages of the Hebrew Bible. Idols are characterized as unable to interact with worshipers and unable to function independently.

Lamen., Prayer & Ep of Jer, 1/2 Ep of Baruch According to the Syriac Peshitta with Eng. Tr.

English Translation by Donald M. Walter & Gillian Greenberg; Text Prepared by George Anton Kiraz & Joseph Bali
Series: Surath Kthob
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0230-9
This volume is part of a series of English translations of the Syriac Peshitta carried out by an international team of scholars. The fully vocalized and pointed Syriac text, and the English translation, are presented on facing pages so that both can be studied together. Supplementary information is given in annotations, Addenda, and Appendices.

Galatians to Philemon According to the Syriac Peshitta Version with English Translation

English Translation by J. Edward Walters; Text Prepared by George Anton Kiraz
Series: Surath Kthob
ISBN: 978-1-61143-893-2
This volume is part of a series of English translations of the Syriac Peshitta along with the Syriac text carried out by an international team of scholars.

Jeremiah According to the Syriac Peshitta Version with English Translation

English Translation by Gillian Greenberg & Donald M. Walter; Text Prepared by George Anton Kiraz & Joseph Bali
Series: Surath Kthob
ISBN: 978-1-61143-892-5
This volume is part of a series of English translations of the Syriac Peshitta carried out by an international team of scholars. The fully vocalized and pointed Syriac text, and the English translation, are presented on facing pages so that both can be studied together. Much supplementary information is given in annotations, Addenda, and Appendices.

Perspectives on Hebrew Scriptures VIII

Comprising the Contents of Journal of Hebrew Scriptures, Vol. 11
Edited by Ehud Ben Zvi
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0220-0
This volume incorporates all the articles and reviews published in Volume 11 (2011) of the Journal of Hebrew Scriptures.

Bemerkungen zu dem hebräischen Texte Jesus Sirachs und seiner neuesten Übersetzung

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 29
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0060-2
Text-critical notes on Dyserinck's edition and Dutch translation of the Hebrew text of Sirach.

The Women of Israel by Grace Aguilar

Two Volumes in One with a New Introduction and Commentary
Series: Judaism in Context 15
ISBN: 978-1-61719-626-3
For almost a century after it was first published in 1845 Grace Aguilar's Women of Israel was presented as a high school graduation gift and even as a Christmas present to employees. More than 150 years before the current proliferation of books on women in biblical narrative and biblical law, Aguilar offered brilliant and innovative interpretations of abiding value. She took for granted that her readers could read Hebrew and that they, like herself, knew the King James Bible from memory. The extensive introduction and notes will make this new edition once again accessible to laypersons, students, and scholars.

Conceptual Metaphors in Poetic Texts

Proceedings of the Metaphor Research Group of the European Association of Biblical Studies in Lincoln 2009
Edited by Antje Labahn
ISBN: 978-1-61719-029-2
The Hebrew Bible discusses difficult and often ineffable subjects such as life, God, heaven and earth and frequently relies upon metaphor to do so. This volume of collected essays offers a new methodological approach to understanding metaphors as conceptualizing aspects of life. Articles provide close analysis of metaphors in various biblical books such as Psalms, Job, Judges, Chronicles, Isaiah, and Hosea.

A Facsimile Edition of the Peshitto Old Testament Based on Codex Ambrosianus (7a1)

Translatio Syra Pescitto Veteris Testamenti: Ex codice Ambrosiano, Sec. fere VI
Edited with an Introduction by Antonio Maria Ceriani; Introduction by Emidio Vergani
ISBN: 978-1-61143-114-8
This volume provides a facsimile of one of the oldest manuscripts of the standard Syriac translation of the Bible, Codex Ambrosianus (7a1), with an new Introduction by Emidio Vergani.

Eve: The Unbearable Flaming Fire

ISBN: 978-1-4632-0160-9
This anthology on Eve brings together an international group of scholars to discuss how this character has been interpreted by Judaism, Christianity and Islam. In a time when the history of women is being reassessed, it is natural that women look to the paradigmatic female figure. This treatment of Eve covers her wide range of roles as mother of our race, victim, stooge, wife, companion, independent thinker, and “helper”. A venerated figure by many modern feminists and a denigrated figure by those who blame her for original sin, no reader will leave these pages indifferent to the first woman.

Biblical Text in Rabbinic Context

The Book of Chronicles in the Mishnah, Talmud and Midrash
Series: Analecta Gorgiana 1060
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0107-4
This study investigates how the Rabbis handled the Book of Chronicles, highlighting issues including intermarriage. While genealogical lists contain intermarriage in Chronicles, Ezra-Nehemiah is generally opposed. Ezra did compose some of the lists and intermarriage was acceptable only under certain conditions.

The Martyrdom of St Phokas of Sinope

The Syriac Version
Introduction, translation and edition by Sebastian P. Brock
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0189-0
The fame of the martyr St. Phokas, first bishop of Sinope (on the Black Sea) and patron of seafarers, had spread to many parts of the Christian world by the fifth and sixth centuries. Although the Acts of his martyrdom under Trajan were composed in Greek, the earliest witness to them is the Syriac translation which is edited and translated here from two early manuscripts.

Early Christian Attitudes to War, Violence and Military Service

ISBN: 978-1-61143-486-6
The early Christians were not of one mind when it came to war, violence and military service. There was a bewildering variety of opinion as to how they understood their place in the world. It seems however that generally they did not stand apart from society. On the contrary, they were happy to integrate and conform and they often accepted war and service in the army as activities which did not raise specific ethical problems.