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Biblical Studies

Biblical Studies is the collection of sub-fields that investigates the text of the Hebrew Bible and the Greek New Testament. It is also includes broader academic sub-fields that incorporate relevant disciplines such as literary criticism, theology, textual criticism, history, and liturgy. The Gorgias Biblical Studies series publishes monographs on the history, theology, redaction and literary criticism of the biblical texts. Perspectives on Hebrew Scriptures and its Contexts deals with the study of the Hebrew Bible and Biblical Hebrew and cognate languages. Biblical Intersections explores various topics beyond theological or exclusively historical exegetical studies, including the relationship of Hebrew and Christian scripture to philosophy, sociology, anthropology, economics, cultural studies, intertextuality and literary studies.

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The Filioque Impasse

Patristic Roots
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0255-2
A fascinating study of the underlying reasons for the disagreement over the clause “and the Son” in the Western version of the Niceno-Constantinopolitan creed, which contributed to the schism between Eastern and Western Christians. Coetzee argues that there has been a great deal of misunderstanding of the positions of each tradition by the other, partly due to the fact that East and West imbue certain key words, such as ‘person’ and ‘unity’, with different meanings which Coetzee believes come from different understandings of Hellenic philosophy. Against this backdrop, Coetzee sets about clearing up some of the misunderstandings.

Ephrem the Syrian's Hymns on the Unleavened Bread

Translation and Introduction by J. Edward Walters
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0159-3
In this set of homilies Ephrem (306-373) invites the reader into a world of symbolic interpretation filled with imagination brimming beneath the surface of word-plays, alliteration, and typological comparisons. These hymns thrust the reader into the middle of a context in which Christians and Jews maintain competing practices of a Passover service to the extent that Ephrem feels the need to distinguish between the symbol and the reality. These homilies are presented in their Syriac original alongside an annotated English translation.

Narratology and the Pentateuch Targums

A Methodological Experiment
ISBN: 978-1-61143-489-7
In this innovative book Simon Lasair explores some of the potentials of applying narratology to the Pentateuch Targums. Lasair argues that when the targums present coherent narratives, they largely carry the major structures of the Pentateuch over into an Aramaic context. This book calls for a wide ranging rethink of the methodologies used to study targumic literature, as well as how to place the targums within their original historical contexts.

Cultural Memory in Biblical Exegesis

ISBN: 978-1-61719-165-7
Cultural memory is the shared reproduction and recollection of what has been learned and retained, normally treated as “the cultural heritage”. The purpose of this book, the first product of the research program Cultural Memory in Biblical Exegesis, is to study how memory is inscribed and embodied in biblical culture and its surrounding area. The essays in this volume seek to open new investigations into cultural memory in biblical and cognate studies, and to include a plethora of methods and perspectives such as the relationship between cultural memory approach and post-colonialism, globalism and epistemology.

The Gospel of Mark According to the Syriac Peshitta Version with English Translation

English Translation by Jeff W. Childers; Text Prepared by George Anton Kiraz
Series: Surath Kthob
ISBN: 978-1-61719-561-7
This volume is part of a series of English translations of the Syriac Peshiṭta along with the Syriac text carried out by an international team of scholars. Childers has translated the Peshiṭta of Mark, while Kiraz has prepared the Syriac text in the west Syriac script, fully vocalized and pointed. The translation and the Syriac text are presented on facing pages so that both can be studied together. All readers are catered for: those wanting to read the text in English, those wanting to improve their grasp of Syriac by reading the original language along with a translation, and those wanting to focus on a fully vocalized Syriac text.

Rhapsody in Blue

The Origin of God's Footstool in the Aramaic Targumim and Midrashic Tradition
Series: Analecta Gorgiana 1059
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0106-7
Three interpretative trends address the vision at the ratification of the Sinai covenant in Exod. 24:10. Traditions relate whether God or a throne was seen, as well as the consequences for this vision for the leaders and history of the Israelites.

The Book of the 12 Prophets According to the Syriac Peshitta Version with English Translation

Translation by Donald M. Walter & Gillian Greenberg; Text Prepared by George Anton Kiraz & Joseph Bali
Series: Surath Kthob
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0177-7
This volume is part of a series of English translations of the Syriac Peshiṭta along with the Syriac text carried out by an international team of scholars. Greenberg and Walter have produced an annotated translation of the Peshiṭta version of The Twelve Minor Prophets, while Kiraz and Bali have edited the Peshiṭta text. The English translation and the Syriac text are shown on facing pages so that both can be studied together.

Der Psalmencommentar des Theodor von Mopsuestia in syrischer Bearbeitung

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 5
ISBN: 978-1-61143-792-8
Baethgen describes a Syriac text purporting to be a translation of a commentary on the psalms by Theodore of Mopsuestia, showing that it cannot be a simple translation of Theodore's commentary but does contain much material derived from him.

Dionysius Bar Salibi: Commentaries on Myron and Baptism

Translation and Introduction by Baby Varghese
Series: Moran Etho
ISBN: 978-1-61143-578-8
In the present work, Baby Varghese presents the Syriac text, accompanied by an English translation, of Dionysius’s commentaries on the rites of myron (anointing of oil) and baptism.

Der Römerbrieftext des Origenes

nach der Codex von der Goltz
ISBN: 978-1-61143-517-7
This text is a variant of Paul's Epistle to the Romans.

Irenaeus gegen die Häretiker

Elenchos kai anatrope tes pseudonomou gnoseos; Buch IV und V in armenischer Version
ISBN: 978-1-61143-514-6
This work presents the Armenian version of second-century Irenaeus of Lyon's last two books on heresies.

Form und Überlieferung der Lukas-Homilien des Origenes

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 895
ISBN: 978-1-61143-485-9
This text discusses the writings of Origen on the Gospel according to Luke.

Ancient Georgian Versions of the Old Testament

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 862
ISBN: 978-1-61143-411-8
This work is a description and analysis of a unique Old Testament codex in Georgian containing the first eight books of the Bible, the Prophets, and marginal commentary on both.

The Date of the Initial Miniatures of the Etchmiadzin Gospel

Series: Analecta Gorgiana 825
ISBN: 978-1-61143-263-3
A controversial essay on one of the treasures of Armenian art, arguing that its illuminations were original and Armenian; with 38 plates.

Vetus Testamentum in Novo

Die Alttestamentlichen Parallelen des Neuen Testaments in Wortlaut der Urtexte unde der Septuaginta
Compiled by Willhelm Dittmar
ISBN: 978-1-61719-351-4
Willhelm Dittmar gives a complete list of the references to the Old Testament, the Apocrypha, and the Pseudepigrapha, including the Sibylline Oracles and the Apocalypse of Baruch.

Bardesanes Gnosticus Syrorum Primus Hymnologus

Commentatio Historico-Theologica
ISBN: 978-1-61719-230-2
August Hahn (1792-1863) here presents an early study of the famous marginal figure of early Christianity, Bardaisan. As is evident from the title of the book, Hahn is most concerned with Bardaisan as a hymnographer and a gnostic.

Narsai le docteur et les origines de l'école de Nisibe, d'après la chronique de Barḥadbešabba

Translated and Annotated by J.-B. Chabot
Series: Analecta Gorgiana 490
ISBN: 978-1-60724-968-9
This volume contains Chabot’s notice of a fragment published by Mingana from Barhadbeshabba dealing with Narsai and the School of Nisibis. Chabot offers a French translation of the text and a summary questioning its historical value.

Homélie de Narsès sur les trois Docteurs Nestoriens

Edited and Translated by Paulin Martin
Series: Analecta Gorgiana 475
ISBN: 978-1-60724-931-3
In this work, Martin offers the Syriac text, with an annotated French translation, of Narsai’s poem on the three doctors of the Church of the East: Diodore of Tarsus, Theodore of Mopsuestia, and Nestorius.

Job of Uz

Suffering of the Righteous and the Justice of God
ISBN: 978-1-61143-420-0
Job finds himself in a situation similar to one experienced by everyone at some point in his or her life. He wants answers to questions concerning what has happened to him, since he lived his life according to the traditional wisdom and rules of conduct, asking what has gone wrong and why. The Book of Job raises fundamental questions of both the actions and expectations of humans and deities, and asks whether a clear understanding can be reached between them. The contributing essays to this anthology help advance and sharpen both the questions and the responses to that question.

Mariological Thought of Mar Jacob of Serugh (451-521)

Series: Moran Etho
ISBN: 978-1-61143-574-0
In the present work, James Puthuparampil surveys the appearances of Mary within the writings of Jacob of Serugh and attempts to construct the place of Mary within Jacob’s broader theological framework.

Portraits of a King Favored by God

David the King: God's Poet, Warrior, and Statesman
ISBN: 978-1-61143-405-7
David the king, when studied against the backdrop of existing material cultural remains from the ancient Middle East, scarcely seems to have been there. Excavations in Jerusalem have turned up nothing concrete about his existence. The literature concerning him is fraught with problems and generally takes on a legendary-mythological character. Even the meaning of his name is unclear. If he is mentioned at all by his contemporary monarchs against whom he would have fought it is only obliquely or only intimated by omissions or partial spellings in context. This volume attempts to advance scholarship addressing these concerns.

Ephraem Syrus on the Repentance of Nineveh

A Metrical Homily on the Mission of Jonah
Translation and Introduction by Henry Burgess
ISBN: 978-1-61719-162-6
This volume contains English translations of five works of various lengths from St. Ephrem on the theme of repentance. The translator also includes a lengthy introduction, notes to the translation, and indices.

Opuscula Monophysitica Ioannis Philoponi

Edited and Translated by A. Sanda
ISBN: 978-1-61719-173-2
The Philalethes of Severus of Antioch (d. 538) is one of the most important documents of anti-Chalcedonian christological writing. This volume contains the Syriac text, a Latin translation, and a brief introduction.

Severi Philalethes

Edited and Translated by A. Sanda
ISBN: 978-1-61719-172-5
The Philalethes of Severus of Antioch (d. 538) is one of the most important documents of anti-Chalcedonian christological writing. This volume contains the Syriac text, a Latin translation, and a brief introduction.

The Massoreth ha-Massoreth of Elias Levita

Being an Exposition of the Massoretic Notes on the Hebrew Bible, or the Ancient Critical Apparatus of the Hebrew Testament
By Elias Levita; Translation and Introduction by Christian D. Ginsburg
ISBN: 978-1-61143-315-9
This comprehensive text provides a guide to the traditional marginalia to the Hebrew text of the Old Testament.