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This anthology on Eve brings together an international group of scholars to discuss how this character has been interpreted by Judaism, Christianity and Islam. In a time when the history of women is being reassessed, it is natural that women look to the paradigmatic female figure. This treatment of Eve covers her wide range of roles as mother of our race, victim, stooge, wife, companion, independent thinker, and “helper”. A venerated figure by many modern feminists and a denigrated figure by those who blame her for original sin, no reader will leave these pages indifferent to the first woman.
Publisher: Gorgias Press LLC
Availability: In stock
SKU (ISBN): 978-1-4632-0160-9
  • *
Publication Status: In Print

Publication Date: Feb 1,2013
Interior Color: Black
Trim Size: 6 x 9
Page Count: 182
Language: English
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0160-9
$99.00
$59.40

This anthology on Eve brings together an international group of scholars to discuss how this biblical character has been interpreted and commented upon by students of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. In an age wherein the history of women is being reassessed, it is quite natural that western women especially turn their thoughts to one of the paradigmatic female figures in our culture. This broad treatment of Eve covers a wide range of thoughts about her role as mother of our race, victim, stooge, wife, companion, independent thinker, curious life form, and “helper”. The reader learns of the poetry inspired by her being, music that plays a similar role, and how graphic artists and historians of literature have turned their thought to her place at the very beginning of biblical history. A venerated figure by many modern feminists and a totally denigrated figure by those who blame her for original sin and the like, no reader will leave the pages of this anthology indifferent to the first woman, nor fail to understand her role in three great religious traditions that have come to predominate in the west.

Cover: Mosaic, the Dormition Church on Mount Zion in Jerusalem.

This anthology on Eve brings together an international group of scholars to discuss how this biblical character has been interpreted and commented upon by students of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. In an age wherein the history of women is being reassessed, it is quite natural that western women especially turn their thoughts to one of the paradigmatic female figures in our culture. This broad treatment of Eve covers a wide range of thoughts about her role as mother of our race, victim, stooge, wife, companion, independent thinker, curious life form, and “helper”. The reader learns of the poetry inspired by her being, music that plays a similar role, and how graphic artists and historians of literature have turned their thought to her place at the very beginning of biblical history. A venerated figure by many modern feminists and a totally denigrated figure by those who blame her for original sin and the like, no reader will leave the pages of this anthology indifferent to the first woman, nor fail to understand her role in three great religious traditions that have come to predominate in the west.

Cover: Mosaic, the Dormition Church on Mount Zion in Jerusalem.

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Contributor Biography

Mishael Caspi

Dr. Mishael M. Caspi is a retired Professor of Religion at Bates College in Lewiston, Maine. Dr. Caspi holds a Ph.D. in Near Eastern Studies from the University of California at Berkeley. He has written extensively on Biblical Studies, Talmudic Studies, and Islamica. Dr. John T. Greene is Professor Emeritus of Religious Studies at Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan. Dr. Greene holds a Ph.D. in Scriptural and Historical Studies from Boston University. He has written extensively on Archaeology of Bethsaida, Communication theory and Praxis, and History of Religions.

John Greene

John T. Greene is Emeritus Professor of Religious Studies at Michigan State University. He holds the Ph.D. from Boston University, and the A.B. and Master Degrees from the University of Detroit. He has written extensively on issues of scriptural and historical studies and Middle Eastern archaeology.

Irit Aharoni

Rachel Havrelock

Tova Forti

Herb Hain

Duane Christensen

  • Table of Contents (page 5)
  • Acknowledgement (page 7)
  • Prolegomenon (Michael M. Caspi) (page 9)
  • The Mother of Life and the Infertility of Eden (Rachel S. Havrelock) (page 25)
    • The Infertility of Eden (page 26)
    • Statement of Protest (page 27)
    • Direct Action (page 27)
    • Encounter With God (page 28)
    • Conception, Birth, and Naming (page 28)
  • The Polarity of Wisdom and Fear of God in the Eden Narrative and in the Book of Proverbs (Tova Forti) (page 33)
    • I. Interrelation Between the Tree of Knowledge and the Tree of Life in Genesis 2…3 and Proverbs (page 36)
    • II. Wisdom Vocabulary in Gen. 3:61 (page 40)
      • a. Ta-a-wa ,"Desire,Ž in Proverbs and in Gen. 3:6 (page 40)
      • b. le-has-kil, to become wiseŽ (page 42)
    • III. Wisdom and Fear of God (page 43)
  • Did Eve Know What Was Hidden in the Apple? (Irit Aharony) (page 47)
    • Thematic Elements in the Story of Eve in the Bible (page 49)
    • Themes in Israeli Poetry About Eve (page 49)
      • Eve as a Rebel (page 50)
      • The Awareness of the Sin and Punishment (page 59)
      • Eve as the Universal Woman and Mother (page 64)
    • Bibliography (page 70)
  • The Whore and the Wife (Michael M. Caspi) (page 73)
    • A. Rest My Beloved (page 74)
    • B. We Are All Only for Trial (page 77)
    • C. Adam, Apostle of his Progeny (page 100)
  • The Death and Resurrection(s) of Eve: Reversing the Misfortunesof the Theios Aner and Other Dying and Rising Gods and Goddesses (John T. Greene) (page 113)
    • Prolegomenon (page 113)
    • The Search for a Culprit: The Blame Game Begins (page 118)
    • Introduction (page 121)
    • A. Eve Considered During the Second Temple Period (ca. 520 B.c.e.…70 C.e.): Sinking the Roots for (various) Christianit(y)ies (page 123)
      • Introductory (page 123)
      • 1. The Apocalypse of Moses (page 124)
      • 2. The Life of Adam and Eve (Stone 2007) (page 125)
      • 3. The Apocryphon (Secret Book/Revelation) of John (Wisse www) (page 127)
      • 4. The Hypostasis (Nature, Essence) of the Archons (page 127)
      • 5. Summary (page 128)
    • B. The Annunciation and a New Era of Resurrection: Eve in the Writings of Some Church Fathers and their Contemporaries (page 130)
      • Introductory (page 130)
      • 1. The Fathers (page 131)
        • a. Justin (the) Martyr (page 132)
        • b. Irenaeus (of Lyons) (page 132)
        • c. Tertullian (of Carthage) (page 132)
        • d. Post Nicea (325 C.E.) (page 133)
      • 2. New Testament Apocrypha (Schneemelcher 1964) (page 133)
        • Introductory (page 133)
        • a. Gospel of Eve: Resurrected Witness to the Birth of Jesus (page 133)
        • b. The Questions of Mary: A New Eve (page 134)
        • c. The Gospel of Bartholomew: Mary Magdalene as Equal to Peter-the Apostle/Disciple (page 135)
        • d. Acts of Thomas: An Eve-Friendly Novel (page 136)
        • e. Summary (page 137)
    • C. Eve Considered by the Main Protestant Revolutionaries: the Demotion of Mary? (Kreitzer 2004) (page 139)
      • Introductory (page 139)
      • 1. Martin Luther (1483…1546 C.E.) on Eve (page 140)
      • 2. John Calvin (1509…1564 C.E.) on Eve (page 141)
      • 3. The Protestant Fathers on Mary in Light of Ex fidei sola  (by faith alone) and sola scriptura  (by scripture alone) (page 143)
      • 4. Luther on the New Eve and on her Perpetual Virginity (page 143)
      • 5. Calvin on Marys Perpetual Virginity (page 143)
      • 6. Zwingli on the Mother of Salvation (page 143)
      • 7. Bullinger on Mary in Heaven (page 144)
      • 8. Wesley on the Pure and Unspotted Virgin (page 144)
    • D. Eve Versus Mary Versus Mary Magdalene: Some Brief Considerations and Observations (page 144)
    • E. Eve in Christian Art (page 148)
      • 1. Poetry (page 148)
        • a. Ancient (page 148)
          • 1) Venantius Fortunatis (ca. 600 C.E.) (page 148)
        • b. Modern (page 149)
      • 2. Visual Art (Gallery) (page 151)
        • a. Sculpture (page 152)
          • 1) Bronze (page 152)
          • 2) Wood (on a Limestone Base) (page 153)
          • 3) What Can I Say? (page 153)
        • b. Painting/Engraving (page 153)
          • 1) Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472…1553 C.E.) (page 153)
    • Conclusion (page 156)
    • Select Bibliography (page 158)
  • Eve in Eden (Herb Hain) (page 173)
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