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Salvation in Christ According to Jacob of Serugh


An Exegetico-theological Study on the Homilies of Jacob of Serugh on the Feasts of Our Lord


Jacob of Serugh’s vision of ‘Salvation in Christ’, in its exegetical, theological, catechetical, liturgical and pastoral aspects, is reviewed in this monograph. Jacob’s mode of symbolic-mystical-silence approach to the mystery of Christ is explained. This treatise gathers up Jacob’s typological and symbolic thought-patterns, in his own language, categories, terminologies, and imageries.
Publisher: Gorgias Press LLC
Availability: In stock
SKU (ISBN): 978-1-60724-880-4
  • *
Publication Status: In Print

Publication Date: Nov 16,2010
Interior Color: Black
Trim Size: 6 x 9
Page Count: 557
Language: English
ISBN: 978-1-60724-880-4
$175.00
$105.00

Jacob of Serugh’s extent homilies, with other writings, place him as the most important Syriac writer after Ephrem the Syrian. The exegetico-theological upraisal of Jacob’s homilies on dominical feasts in this volume presents a more genuine and reliable theologico-mystical vision of Jacob rooted in his basic Syriac vision. The dynamism, freshness and perennial exegetical applicability of many biblical imageries, types and symbols in Christian theology are well attested in this volume as a review of the whole history of salvation based on the mystery of Christ. Based on his true Syriac genius, Jacob of Serugh expounds some unique elements of Syriac Christian tradition through the liturgical commemorations, catechetical teachings, biblical exegesis and theological reflections. The exposition of the homilies on the dominical feasts of Jacob in this volume is a true manifestation of Jacob’s typological and symbolic thought patterns made explicit through his symbolic-mystical-silence approach to the mystery of Christ. Mar Jacob’s mode of handling Adam-Christ Complementarity, the Road of Salvation and the Christocentric Sacramental World-vision are Syriac symbolic ways of handling Theological Anthropology, Soteriology and Christ-Mystery (Christology) respectively. True to his original Syriac vision, the mystery of Christ is explained as the inspiring and governing power of the whole history of salvation in its hidden and revealed, sacramental and mystical, catechetical and pastoral, exegetical and theological aspects of the Christian vision of salvation of all times.

Jacob of Serugh’s extent homilies, with other writings, place him as the most important Syriac writer after Ephrem the Syrian. The exegetico-theological upraisal of Jacob’s homilies on dominical feasts in this volume presents a more genuine and reliable theologico-mystical vision of Jacob rooted in his basic Syriac vision. The dynamism, freshness and perennial exegetical applicability of many biblical imageries, types and symbols in Christian theology are well attested in this volume as a review of the whole history of salvation based on the mystery of Christ. Based on his true Syriac genius, Jacob of Serugh expounds some unique elements of Syriac Christian tradition through the liturgical commemorations, catechetical teachings, biblical exegesis and theological reflections. The exposition of the homilies on the dominical feasts of Jacob in this volume is a true manifestation of Jacob’s typological and symbolic thought patterns made explicit through his symbolic-mystical-silence approach to the mystery of Christ. Mar Jacob’s mode of handling Adam-Christ Complementarity, the Road of Salvation and the Christocentric Sacramental World-vision are Syriac symbolic ways of handling Theological Anthropology, Soteriology and Christ-Mystery (Christology) respectively. True to his original Syriac vision, the mystery of Christ is explained as the inspiring and governing power of the whole history of salvation in its hidden and revealed, sacramental and mystical, catechetical and pastoral, exegetical and theological aspects of the Christian vision of salvation of all times.

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Contributor Biography

Thomas Kollamparampil

Thomas Kollamparampil is a member of the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate (CMI), having an M.St. in Syriac studies from the Oriental Institute, University of Oxford, U.K. and a Th.D. from the Patristic Institute, Augustinianum, Rome. His specialization is in Syriac Fathers with his doctoral dissertation on Jacob of Serugh. He has also published the English translations of Jacob’s homilies on the dominical feasts, Jacob of Serugh: Select Festal Homilies. His English translations of the metrical homilies of Jacob are already published in the bilingual edition of Jacob of Serugh’s homilies from the Gorgias Press, NJ, USA. He is a professor at the Faculty of Theology, Dharmaram Vidya Kshetram (DVK), Bangalore, India.

  • Dedication (page 5)
  • Table of Contents (page 7)
  • Acknowledgements (page 15)
  • Abbreviations (page 17)
  • General Introduction (page 23)
    • A. The Theme of the Study (page 25)
    • B. The Scope of the Study (page 26)
    • C. The Method of the Study (page 27)
    • D. The Structure of the Study (page 28)
  • Part One (page 31)
    • Chapter One: Life and Theological Reflection of Jacob of Serugh (page 35)
      • A. Socio-Political and Religious Background of Jacob of Serugh (page 37)
        • 1. The Political Situation and the Religious Policies of the Emperors (page 38)
        • 2. The Controversial Theological Milieu of Jacob of Serugh (page 41)
      • B. A Few Notes for a biographical Sketch (page 51)
        • 1. Birth and Early Childhood (page 52)
        • 2. Theological Formation and Early Literary Activities (page 53)
        • 3. Ministry of Mar Jacob at Chorepiscopal and Episcopal Levels (page 55)
      • C. The Writings of Mar Jacob of Serugh (page 56)
        • 1. The Literary Output of Jacob of Serugh (page 56)
        • 2. The Verse Compositions of Jacob of Serugh (page 58)
        • 3. The Prose Compositions of Jacob of Serugh (page 62)
        • 4. Critical Editions and Translations of the Works of Mar Jacob (page 63)
      • D. The Group of Select Festal Homilies on the Feasts of Our Lord (page 64)
        • 1. The Biblically Oriented Theologizing of Jacob of Serugh and the Theme of the Study (page 65)
        • 2. Select Festal Homilies of Jacob on the Feasts of Our Lord (page 67)
        • 3. Select Group of Homilies and the Theme of the Study (page 69)
      • E. Aspects of the Symbolic Theology of Jacob of Serugh (page 71)
        • 1. The Theory of Symbolism in Early Syriac Christian Writers and in Contemporary Times (page 72)
        • 2. Mar Jacob's Symbolic Mode of Theological Reflection (page 76)
        • 3. The Sacramental World-Vision of Jacob of Serugh (page 81)
        • 4. Symbols of the Scriptures and Nature (page 83)
      • F. Scriptural Revelation and the Exegetical Presuppositions of Mar Jacob (page 97)
        • 1. Mar Jacob's Prespectives on the Notion of Revelation (page 97)
        • 2. Mar Jacob's Orientation to the Scriptures and his Exegetical Presuppostions (page 101)
      • G. The Biblical Exegesis of Jacob of Serugh (page 110)
        • 1. Exigencies of the Times and the Exegetical Influences on Jacob (page 110)
        • 2. The Biblical Text of Mar Jacob (page 111)
        • 3. The Exegetical Method of Mar Jacob (page 112)
        • 4. The Typology of Mar Jacob (page 118)
        • 5. The New Testament Exegesis of Mar Jacob (page 122)
      • H. Conclusion (page 124)
  • Part Two (page 127)
    • Chapter Two: Festal Homilies of Jacob of Serugh and the Catechetical Preacing on the Mysteries of Salvation in Christ (page 131)
      • A. The Nativity: the Wonder and the 'New Sign' on the Road of Humility (page 132)
        • 1. The Marvellous and Ineffable Revelation in the Nativity of the Son (page 132)
        • 2. The Sign of Paradox in the Nativity and the Hidden Economy of the Son (page 134)
        • 3. The Prophetic Vision and Picture of the Divine Self-abasement (page 137)
        • 4. Blessings of theSelf-abasement of the Son in the Nativity (page 141)
      • B. Christ in the Temple and Simeon the Witness and Herald (page 147)
        • 1.the Offering of Christ, the High Priest, in the Temple (page 147)
        • 2. Simeon, a Sign and aWitness on the Road of Christ (page 149)
        • 3. Simeon the Seer of Spiritual Realities, Recognizing the Receiver of all sacrifices (page 151)
        • 4. The Mystery of the Eternal Son (page 152)
        • 5. Simeon, the Herald of Good Hope among the Dead (page 154)
        • 6. Simeon, the Witness and Herald of Christ the High Priest, at the Temple (page 155)
      • C. The Lord of Batism at the Jordan (page 156)
        • 1. The Coming of Our Lord to the Jordan, the Boundary between the Alliances (page 157)
        • 2. The Ministry of John the Baptist (page 158)
        • 3. Christ Demanding Baptism from John for the Recovery of Adam (page 160)
        • 4. Betrothal of the Bridegroom to the Bride, the Church at Jordan (page 163)
        • 5. The Father and the Holy Spirity Bearing Witness to the Son and John, the Co-witness (page 166)
        • 6. Priesthood, Kingship and Holiness Flowing to Christ and Proceeding from Him (page 168)
      • D. The Gread Sign of the Mediatior of All at Tabor (page 170)
        • 1. Manifestation of the Lord's Hidden Glory and Power (page 170)
        • 2. The reason for the Presence of Moses and Elijah, the servants of the King (page 172)
        • 3. Prophets and Apostles, the Law and the Gospel, Set in Hrmony by the Single Mediator (page 175)
        • 4. The Story of Crucifixion Spoken out During the Transfiguration (page 178)
        • 5. The Betrothal of the Bride of Light to the Bridegroom of Light (page 180)
      • E. The Forty Days' Fasting: the Medicine for the Ancient Ulcer (page 182)
        • 1. Christ, the Celestial Adam, the Healer of the Terrestrial Adam (page 182)
        • 2. Forty Days' Fasting, the Medicine for the Grave Ulcer (page 183)
        • 3. Fasting for the Integration and Perfetion of Human Nature (page 184)
      • F. The Humble Road of the King of Kings at Jerusalem (page 186)
        • 1. The Self-abasement of the exalted One for Human Redemption (page 187)
        • 2. The Praise due to the Humble King in the Royal City at the Renewal of the Kingdom (page 188)
        • 3. The Unfaithful 'Daughter of the People', Zion (page 191)
        • 4. The Wonderful Way of the Son for the Discerning (page 194)
        • 5. The Desecrated Temple, Neglected Sanctuary and the Distorted Priesthood (page 196)
      • G. The Condemned Son of God and the LIberated Barabbas, Adam (page 199)
        • 1. Christ, the Reconstructor of the House of Adam, and the Restoration of the Image in Adam (page 199)
        • 2. The Judge of Judges under Judgement and the Acceptance of the Chastisement of adam (page 200)
        • 3. The Priesthood Returns to Its Lord and the Proper Garments to the Lord of the Sanctuary (page 201)
        • 4. The Lord Assumes Everything Belonging to the Kingship (page 202)
        • 5. The Evil Company Hates the Physician and the Liberator of Barabbas, the Type of Adam (page 202)
        • 6. The Governing of the Hidden Divine Economy (page 203)
      • H. The Resurrection of the Vivifier of All: Life and Light to the World (page 204)
        • 1. The Son Delivered fro teh Redemption of the World (page 205)
        • 2. Great Saviour and King in the Contest for the Great Image, Adam (page 206)
        • 3. Jonah and Ezekiel, Types of the Smitten Redeemer (page 207)
        • 4. Samson, Type of the One Who Crushed Sheol (page 209)
        • 5. The Exchange of the 'Garments of the Dead' for the 'Garments of Glory' (page 210)
        • 6. Resurrection: The Day of Light, Life, Renewal and teh New Creation (page 211)
      • I. Ascension of the High Priest and the Reconciliation of Humanity (page 215)
        • 1. The Mystery of the hidden and the Revealed (page 215)
        • 2. The Road of the Embodied Word (page 216)
        • 3. The Road of Forty Days (page 219)
        • 4. The Mystery of the Ascension from the Mount of Olives (page 219)
        • 5. The Promise of the Abiding and Sustaining Presence of the Trinity (page 220)
        • 6. Brilliant Ascension of the Mediator, Reconciler and teh Redeemer (page 221)
        • 7. Mount Sinai as a Type of the Ascension of the Son beyond the Created Orders (page 222)
      • J. Conclusion (page 223)
    • Chapter Three: Aspects of the Economy of Salvation in Christ (page 227)
      • A. Aspects of Jacob's Theological Vocabulary (page 227)
        • 1. Divine Mercy (Hnana) (page 228)
        • 2. The Image (salma) and Likeness (dmuta) of God in Humanity (page 229)
        • 3. Divine Pedagogy through Types (tupse) and Mysteries (raze) (page 231)
        • 4. Self-abasement (mukaka) and Smallness (z'oruta) of the Son (page 232)
        • 5. Incarnation, Mingling (hlat, mzag) of the Son with All (page 233)
        • 6. The 'New Road of Humility' (urha hdata dmakikuta) (page 234)
        • 7. Way of Christ, the Great path of the Cross (`urha rabta da-zqipa) (page 234)
        • 8. The Entry of the 'Vivifier of the Dead' (mabe mite) into Sheol (page 235)
        • 9. The Ascension of the High Priest (rabba dkumre) to the Father (page 236)
      • B. Characteristic Theological Thought-Patterns of Mar Jacob (page 236)
        • 1. the Unity of the Divine Economy of Salvation (page 236)
        • 2. Divine Teaching and Human Salvation (page 238)
        • 3. Historical Outlook and the Synchronic Vision on the Economy of Salvation in Christ (page 242)
        • 4. The Abiding Sense of Corporate Personality (page 243)
        • 5. The hidden and the Revealed Son of God (page 245)
        • 6. The On-going Role of the Evil One (page 248)
      • C. Aspects of the Economy of Salvation in Christ (page 251)
        • 1. God's Mercy Seeking Adam, the Fallen-one, and the Re-entry of Adam into Paradise (page 252)
        • 2. The Betrothal and Marriage Feast of the Heavenly Bridegroom and the Earthly Bride (page 262)
        • 3. Salvation as the Demolition of Idols and Idolatry for the Liberation of Slaves (page 273)
        • 4. Renewal of the House of Adam, the Kingdom of the house of David and the Briesthood (page 281)
        • 5. Salvation on the Road of Righteousness and on the Road of the Cross (page 293)
      • D. Conclusion (page 306)
  • Part Three (page 309)
    • Chapter Four: Scriptural Foundations of Mar Jacob's Vision of the Economy of Salvation (page 313)
      • A. the Need and the nature of Redemption and Salvation (page 313)
        • 1. The Creation and Humanity (page 314)
        • 2. The Fall and the Predicament of Humanity (page 321)
        • 3. The divine Mercy and the Economy of Salvation (page 329)
      • B. The Source of Redemption and Salvation (page 338)
        • 1. Descent and 'Becoming' of Divine Mercy for human Salvation (page 339)
        • 2. The Descent and 'Becoming' of the Son for REdemption and Salvation (page 341)
        • 3. Divine Names and the Titles of Christ (page 384)
        • 4. The Apostolic Preaching and the Recongnition of the Son of God (page 392)
      • C. Christ, the Sign and Sacrament of Salvation (page 396)
        • 1. Fulfilment of all Promises and Prophecies in Christ, the Saviour (page 396)
        • 2. The Splendour of Divine Self-abasement (page 399)
        • 3. Christ, the Mediator and the High Priest of the whole Creation (page 402)
      • D. Conclusion (page 404)
    • Chapter Five: Early Syriac Christian Tradition and Mar Jacob's Vision of Salvation in Christ (page 407)
      • A. Introduction (page 407)
      • B. Adam-Christ Complementarity and the History of Salvation (page 411)
        • 1. The Self-revealing God and Humanity (page 414)
        • 2. The Eternal Mercy of God and the Divine Pedagogy (page 422)
        • 3. christ, the Saviour of the Fallen Adam/ Humanity (page 429)
      • C. The Road of Salvation (page 436)
        • 1. The Road of the Economy of Salvation (page 436)
        • 2. Actualization of the Road of Salvation (page 441)
        • 3. The Reconciliation and Salvation in Christ (page 448)
      • D. The Christocentric Sacramental World-Vision (page 452)
        • 1. The Sacramental Presence of Christ in the Types and Mysteries (page 453)
        • 2. Christocentric Vision of Salvation History and the Titles of Christ (page 456)
        • 3. The Sacraments and the Chuch (page 467)
      • E. Conclusion (page 477)
    • General Conclusion (page 481)
      • A. The Horizon of the Writings of Jacob of Serugh (page 481)
      • B. Jacob's Theological Method and Biblical Exegesis (page 483)
      • C. The Theological Vision of Jacob of Serugh (page 488)
  • Select Bibliography (page 497)
    • A. Primary Sources (page 497)
      • 1. Writings of Jacob of Serugh (page 497)
      • 2. Other Sources (page 509)
    • B. Studies (page 512)
  • Index of Biblical References (page 529)
  • Index of Syriac Texts and Translations (page 537)
  • General Index (page 543)