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Syntactic Studies in Targum Aramaic


A Text-Linguistic Reading of 1 Samuel


How can one distinguish between narrative, which records a sequence of events, and a narrator's comment on these events, in the form of notes, clarifications, and retellings? Syntax of Targumic Aramaic: A Text-Linguistic Reading of 1 Samuel applies the insights of Functional Sentence Perspective and Text Linguistics to Targum 1 Samuel. Through this analysis, Condrea answers key questions about Aramaic syntax and recovers the voice and contributions of the text's narrator.
Publisher: Gorgias Press LLC
SKU (ISBN): 978-1-4632-3910-7
Publication Status: In Print

Publication Date: Mar 9,2020
Interior Color: Black
Trim Size: 6 x 9
Page Count: 325
Language: English
ISBN: 978-1-4632-3910-7
$164.00
$98.40
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Word order is a major component in interpreting Targum Aramaic syntax. With the use of Harald Weinrich’s text-linguistic method, Vasile Condrea answers key questions surrounding this topic.

In the indirect speech of Targum 1 Samuel, the text examined here, the reader is exposed to the flow of narrative, which represents the events as they happened. This flow is sometimes substituted with comment. Weinrich defined these two linguistic realities—the narrative and comment registers—and associated them with morphological tenses in modern languages. English narrates with tenses like past simple, but comments with the present and present perfect.

In Targum Aramaic, the narrative register is conveyed by VSO sentences. SVO sentences are closely linked with the comment register. In the comment passages, the presence of the biblical author is revealed through reports, notes, or clarifications of the story.

Word order is a major component in interpreting Targum Aramaic syntax. With the use of Harald Weinrich’s text-linguistic method, Vasile Condrea answers key questions surrounding this topic.

In the indirect speech of Targum 1 Samuel, the text examined here, the reader is exposed to the flow of narrative, which represents the events as they happened. This flow is sometimes substituted with comment. Weinrich defined these two linguistic realities—the narrative and comment registers—and associated them with morphological tenses in modern languages. English narrates with tenses like past simple, but comments with the present and present perfect.

In Targum Aramaic, the narrative register is conveyed by VSO sentences. SVO sentences are closely linked with the comment register. In the comment passages, the presence of the biblical author is revealed through reports, notes, or clarifications of the story.

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Contributor Biography

Vasile Condrea

Vasile Condrea earned a Licenza in Biblical Studies and Archaeology from Studium Biblicum Franciscanum of Jerusalem (2009–2012). In 2017, he gained a PhD in Old Testament and Semitic Languages from Durham University. Subsequently, he wrote two articles on the text-linguistic method and its application to Biblical Hebrew published in the Journal for the Study of the Old Testament. Starting in 2019, Condrea is a Postdoctoral Fellow at Dublin City University with the support of the Irish Research Council working on a project focused on Biblical Hebrew syntax.

How can one distinguish between narrative, which records a sequence of events, and a narrator’s comment on these events, in the form of notes, clarifications, and retellings? Syntax of Targumic Aramaic: A Text-Linguistic Reading of 1 Samuel applies the insights of Functional Sentence Perspective and Text Linguistics to Targum 1 Samuel. Through this analysis, Condrea answers key questions about Aramaic syntax and recovers the voice and contributions of the text’s narrator. 

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