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The Apostolos


The Acts and Epistles in Byzantine Liturgical Manuscripts


Lectionary studies were almost abandoned after the mid-twentieth century, and the recent revival of interest in the Greek Lectionary has concentrated exclusively on the Gospel Lectionary. Gibson reintroduces the value of the Apostolos yet incorporates modern methodology in order to build upon the work of recent Lectionary scholarship, analysing New Testament and liturgical textual traditions together, both compilation and continuous text. Through this process, it is shown that the Apostolos witness is not usually copied to another and that consequently there is no ‘Lectionary text’ of Acts and Paul. Instead, Apostolos copies reflect textual variation in the evolving Byzantine tradition. This study concentrates on the Apostolos in its scribal, monastic, liturgical, and theological context as well as in light of other manuscript traditions.
Publisher: Gorgias Press LLC
Availability: In stock
SKU (ISBN): 978-1-4632-0609-3
  • *
Publication Status: In Print

Series: Texts and Studies 18
Publication Date: Jul 17,2018
Interior Color: Black
Trim Size: 7 x 10
Page Count: 335
Language: English
ISBN: 978-1-4632-0609-3
$165.00
$99.00

The Apostolos is a collection of manuscripts containing a system of biblical readings for public worship. For Byzantines it was the primary form in which the Acts and Epistles were known as Scripture. Twentieth century research on the Apostolos was often centred on the search for a 'lectionary text' and was almost abandoned for fifty years. For the first time, this volume brings together work on the biblical and liturgical contents of the Apostolos. Digital methods are used to explore its textual traditions, showing how it is a uniquely Byzantine synthesis rather than simply a means to recovering a particular form of text. By a renewed focus on the documents, this study sheds light on the Apostolos in its scribal, monastic, liturgical and theological context.

The Apostolos is a collection of manuscripts containing a system of biblical readings for public worship. For Byzantines it was the primary form in which the Acts and Epistles were known as Scripture. Twentieth century research on the Apostolos was often centred on the search for a 'lectionary text' and was almost abandoned for fifty years. For the first time, this volume brings together work on the biblical and liturgical contents of the Apostolos. Digital methods are used to explore its textual traditions, showing how it is a uniquely Byzantine synthesis rather than simply a means to recovering a particular form of text. By a renewed focus on the documents, this study sheds light on the Apostolos in its scribal, monastic, liturgical and theological context.

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Contributor Biography

Samuel Gibson

Samuel Gibson is a minister in the Church of England and holds degrees from Birmingham and Oxford. He is particularly interested in the relationships between textual criticism, liturgy and theology.

Table of Contents (v)
Acknowledgements (vii) 
Abbreviations (ix) 
Index of Tables (xi)
Figures (xiii)
Introduction (1)
   I. The Apostolos Tradition (1)
   II. Outline of Study (18)
1. The Apostolos in Past and Present Scholarship (23)
   I. The Apostolos and Lectionary Studies (23)
   II. The Apostolos in Textual Scholarship (24)
   III. Art History, Codicology and Liturgical Studies (38)
   IV. Apostolos Manuscripts in Editions (47)
   V. Conclusions (51)
2. Sources for the Study of the Apostolos Tradition (53)
   I. Monastic and Ecclesiastical Sources (53)
   II. Criteria for the Selection of Manuscripts (68)
   III. The Apostolos Manuscript Selection and its Features (71)
   IV. Continuous Text and Liturgical Manuscripts (87)
   V. Conclusions (90)
3. Textual Variation in the Apostolos Synaxarion (93)
   I. Textual Methodology (93)
   II. Textual Commentary on Selected Test Passages (105)
   III. Textual Commentary: Summary (131)
   IV. Textual Grouping among Apostolos Witnesses (132)
   V. Variation in Synaxarion Liturgical Material (143)
   VI. Conclusions (150)
4. The Scribal and Monastic Context of Apostolos Manuscripts (153)
   I. Introduction (153)
   II. Codex Dimensions, Columns and Lines (154)
   III. Lacunae and Supplements (159)
   IV. Codex Types (162)
   V. Ekphonetic Notation (166)
   VI. Headpieces (171)
   VII. Scripts and Hands (176)
   VIII. Synaxarion Lection Boundaries and Lection Tables (186)
   IX. Corrections (196)
   X. Conclusions (197)
5. Menologion Variation in Apostolos Manuscripts (199)
   I. Menologion Methodology (199)
   II. Textual Variation in the Apostolos Menologion (200)
   III. Menologion Lection and Festal Variation (216)
   IV. Conclusions (227)
Conclusion (229)
Postscript: An Apostolos Critical Edition? (237)
Glossary (239)
Bibliography (243)
Printed Works (243)
Digital Resources (254)
Appendix 1: Structure of Synaxarion Anagnostic Cycles (255)
Appendix 2: Menologion Festal Commemorations and Lections (265)
Appendix 3: Select Synaxarion Lections in L156 (295)
Appendix 4: The Sample of Apostolos Manuscripts (305)
Index (317)

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