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The Psalm Headings remain one of the most difficult and puzzling pieces of the Hebrew Bible. The present study looks at how these titles were treated in the East Syriac traditions. This volume gives a history of research and presents a new critical edition based on previously unpublished manuscripts. The Psalm headings in the East Syriac tradition reflect the exegesis of the Antiochene school, especially Diodore of Tarsus and Theodore of Mopsuestia. The headings contain a summary of Theodore's exegesis which had an important influence on the work of Syriac interpreters such as Ishodad of Merv and Bar Hebraeus.
Publisher: Gorgias Press LLC
Availability: In stock
SKU (ISBN): 978-1-61143-867-3
  • *
Publication Status: In Print

Series: Texts and Studies 8
Publication Date: Aug 1,2013
Interior Color: Black
Trim Size: 6 x 9
Page Count: 286
Languages: English, Syriac
ISBN: 978-1-61143-867-3
$95.00
$57.00

The East Syriac Psalm headings reflect the exegesis of the Antiochine school, with the most important stimuli the commentaries of Diodore of Tarsus and Theodore of Mopsuestia. The latter's commentary on the Psalms was translated into Syriac. Abridged versions of that commentary were also compiled. Theodore's exegesis had a profound influence on East Syriac interpretation of the Bible, and especially on the study of the Psalms. The East Syriac headings contain a summary of Theodore's exegesis and this exegesis had an important influence on the work of Syriac interpreters such as Ishodad of Merv and Bar Hebraeus.

This edition of the East Syriac Psalm headings describes the history of research on these headings, beginning with the first publications from the nineteenth century, with special attention given to the work of Baethgen, Vosté, Devreesse and Bloemendaal. It presents a new critical edition of these headings, using unpublished manuscripts not previously utilised. This includes the headings in the important manuscript 12t4, presently in Baghdad, containing at least four different sets of headings. This edition contains a translation and a detailed discussion of these headings.

The East Syriac Psalm headings reflect the exegesis of the Antiochine school, with the most important stimuli the commentaries of Diodore of Tarsus and Theodore of Mopsuestia. The latter's commentary on the Psalms was translated into Syriac. Abridged versions of that commentary were also compiled. Theodore's exegesis had a profound influence on East Syriac interpretation of the Bible, and especially on the study of the Psalms. The East Syriac headings contain a summary of Theodore's exegesis and this exegesis had an important influence on the work of Syriac interpreters such as Ishodad of Merv and Bar Hebraeus.

This edition of the East Syriac Psalm headings describes the history of research on these headings, beginning with the first publications from the nineteenth century, with special attention given to the work of Baethgen, Vosté, Devreesse and Bloemendaal. It presents a new critical edition of these headings, using unpublished manuscripts not previously utilised. This includes the headings in the important manuscript 12t4, presently in Baghdad, containing at least four different sets of headings. This edition contains a translation and a detailed discussion of these headings.

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Contributor Biography

HF Van Rooy

Harry van Rooy is Research Professor in the Faculty of Theology at the North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa. He has a PhD from the sameuniversity. He has published extensively, especially on the Peshitta Psalter and on the text and translation of the book of Ezekiel.

  • Copywrite Page (page 4)
  • Table of Contents (page 5)
  • Preface (page 7)
  • Acknowledgments (page 9)
  • List of Manuscripts (page 11)
  • 1 A Survey of Research on the Psalm Headings in the Different Syrian Traditions (page 13)
    • Psalm 63 (page 14)
    • Psalm 45 (page 16)
  • 2 Manuscripts and Editions Used (page 65)
    • Manuscript 6T1: London, British Library, Add. Manuscript 17,110 (page 66)
    • Manuscript 18<8Dt1: Manchester, John Rylands Library, Rylands Syriac Manuscript 4 (page 67)
    • Manuscript 12T1: London, British Library, Add. Manuscript 14,674, I°, Fols. 1A…78b (page 69)
    • Manuscript 12T4: Baghdad, Library of the Chaldean Patriarchate, Manuscript 1113, Folios 11A…118b (formerly Mossoul, Library of the Chaldean Patriarchate, Manuscript 1113) (page 69)
    • Manuscript 13T1: London, British Library, Add. Manuscript 14,675, Fols. 1A…148a (page 70)
    • Manuscript 13T2: London, British Library, Add. Manuscript 14,677, Fols. 1B…139b (page 71)
    • Manuscript 13T3: London, British Library, Add. Manuscript 17,219, Fols. 1B…143a (page 71)
    • Manuscript 13T4: Leiden, Peshitta Institute Manuscript 5, Folio 1A…220a (page 72)
    • 16T2: Jerusalem, Greek Patriarchate, Syriac Manuscript 27, Folio 2B…135a (page 72)
    • Manuscript 17T1: Cambridge, University Library Manuscript Oo.1.22, Folio 1A…102a, 139 (page 73)
    • Manuscript 17T2: London, British Library, Add. Manuscript 7156, Fols. 2B…144a (page 73)
    • Manuscript 17T3: Paris, National Library, Syriac Manuscript 24, Folio 1B…112a (page 74)
    • Birmingham, University Library, Mingana Syriac Manuscript 25 (page 74)
    • Birmingham, University Library, Mingana Syriac Manuscript 428 (page 75)
    • Birmingham, University Library, Mingana Syriac Manuscript 507 (page 75)
    • The Bibles of Urmia and Mosul and the Urmia Psalter (page 76)
  • 3 A Critical Edition of the Psalm Headings in the East Syrian Tradition (page 79)
    • Psalm 1 (page 81)
    • Psalm 2 (page 82)
    • Psalm 3 (page 82)
    • Psalm 4 (page 82)
    • Psalm 5 (page 83)
    • Psalm 6 (page 83)
    • Psalm 7 (page 84)
    • Psalm 7 (page 84)
    • Psalm 9 (page 84)
    • Psalm 10 (page 85)
    • Psalm 11 (page 85)
    • Psalm 12 (page 86)
    • Psalm 13 (page 86)
    • Psalm 14 (page 87)
    • Psalm 15 (page 87)
    • Psalm 16 (page 88)
    • Psalm 17 (page 88)
    • Psalm 18 (page 89)
    • Psalm 19 (page 90)
    • Psalm 20 (page 90)
    • Psalm 21 (page 90)
    • Psalm 22 (page 91)
    • Psalm 23 (page 91)
    • Psalm 24 (page 92)
    • Psalm 25 (page 92)
    • Psalm 26 (page 93)
    • Psalm 27 (page 93)
    • Psalm 28 (page 93)
    • Psalm 29 (page 94)
    • Psalm 30 (page 95)
    • Psalm 31 (page 96)
    • Psalm 32 (page 96)
    • Psalm 33 (page 97)
    • Psalm 34 (page 97)
    • Psalm 35 (page 98)
    • Psalm 36 (page 98)
    • Psalm 37 (page 99)
    • Psalm 38 (page 99)
    • Psalm 39 (page 100)
    • Psalm 40 (page 101)
    • Psalm 41 (page 101)
    • Psalm 42 (page 102)
    • Psalm 43 (page 102)
    • Psalm 44 (page 103)
    • Psalm 45 (page 103)
    • Psalm 46 (page 104)
    • Psalm 47 (page 104)
    • Psalm 48 (page 105)
    • Psalm 49 (page 105)
    • Psalm 50 (page 106)
    • Psalm 51 (page 107)
    • Psalm 52 (page 108)
    • Psalm 53 (page 108)
    • Psalm 55 (page 109)
    • Psalm 56 (page 110)
    • Psalm 57 (page 110)
    • Psalm 58 (page 111)
    • Psalm 59 (page 111)
    • Psalm 60 (page 112)
    • Psalm 61 (page 112)
    • Psalm 62 (page 113)
    • Psalm 63 (page 113)
    • Psalm 64 (page 113)
    • Psalm 65 (page 114)
    • Psalm 66 (page 114)
    • Psalm 67 (page 114)
    • Psalm 68 (page 115)
    • Psalm 69 (page 116)
    • Psalm 70 (page 117)
    • Psalm 71 (page 118)
    • Psalm 72 (page 118)
    • Psalm 73 (page 119)
    • PSALM 74 (page 120)
    • Psalm 75 (page 121)
    • Psalm 76 (page 121)
    • Psalm 77 (page 122)
    • Psalm 78 (page 122)
    • Psalm 79 (page 123)
    • Psalm 80 (page 124)
    • Psalm 81 (page 125)
    • Psalm 82 (page 125)
    • Psalm 83 (page 126)
    • Psalm 84 (page 126)
    • Psalm 85 (page 127)
    • Psalm 86 (page 128)
    • Psalm 87 (page 129)
    • Psalm 88 (page 130)
    • Psalm 89 (page 130)
    • Psalm 90 (page 132)
    • Psalm 91 (page 133)
    • Psalm 92 (page 134)
    • Psalm 93 (page 135)
    • Psalm 94 (page 135)
    • Psalm 95 (page 136)
    • Psalm 96 (page 137)
    • Psalm 97 (page 138)
    • Psalm 98 (page 139)
    • Psalm 99 (page 139)
    • Psalm 100 (page 140)
    • Psalm 101 (page 141)
    • Psalm 102 (page 142)
    • Psalm 103 (page 142)
    • Psalm 104 (page 143)
    • Psalm 105 (page 144)
    • Psalm 106 (page 145)
    • Psalm 107 (page 146)
    • Psalm 108 (page 147)
    • Psalm 109 (page 147)
    • Psalm 110 (page 148)
    • Psalm 111 (page 149)
    • Psalm 112 (page 150)
    • Psalm 113 (page 150)
    • Psalm 114 (page 151)
    • Psalm 115 (page 152)
    • Psalm 116 (page 154)
    • Psalm 117 (page 155)
    • Psalm 118 (page 156)
    • Psalm 119 (page 156)
    • Psalm 120 (page 157)
    • Psalm 121 (page 157)
    • Psalm 122 (page 158)
    • Psalm 123 (page 159)
    • Psalm 124 (page 160)
    • Psalm 125 (page 161)
    • Psalm 126 (page 162)
    • Psalm 127 (page 163)
    • Psalm 128 (page 163)
    • Psalm 129 (page 164)
    • Psalm 130 (page 165)
    • Psalm 131 (page 166)
    • Psalm 132 (page 167)
    • Psalm 133 (page 168)
    • Psalm 134 (page 168)
    • Psalm 135 (page 169)
    • Psalm 136 (page 170)
    • Psalm 137 (page 171)
    • Psalm 138 (page 172)
    • Psalm 139 (page 173)
    • Psalm 140 (page 174)
    • Psalm 141 (page 174)
    • Psalm 142 (page 175)
    • Psalm 143 (page 176)
    • Psalm 144 (page 176)
    • Psalm 145 (page 177)
    • Psalm 146 (page 178)
    • Psalm 147 (page 178)
    • Psalm 148 (page 179)
    • Psalm 149 (page 180)
    • Psalm 150 (page 182)
  • 4 The Psalm Headings in the East Syrian Tradition: Form, Content and Comparison (page 183)
    • David in the East Syrian Headings (page 184)
    • The Introduction (page 185)
    • Other Verbs Used to Introduce Headings (page 186)
    • Nouns Used to Introduce Headings (page 189)
    • Other Introductions to Headings (page 190)
    • The Historical Setting of the Different Headings (page 190)
    • General Remarks About the Variants in the Headings (page 192)
      • Shorter and Longer Headings (page 192)
      • Headings Showing Important Differences from the Standard Heading (page 200)
      • The Headings in the Three Editions Used (page 201)
        • Similar Headings in the Three Editions (page 202)
        • Similar Headings in the Three Editions (page 202)
        • U and Up Agreeing, Against M (page 203)
        • Up and M Agreeing Against U (page 205)
        • U and M Agreeing Against Up (page 205)
        • Headings Where All Three Editions Differ (page 206)
    • The Origin of the East Syriac Psalm Headings (page 216)
    • Headings Where All Three Editions Differ (page 207)
      • Longer reading in 6T1 supported by 18>8Dt1 and 12T4 (page 207)
      • Longer reading in 6T1, with shorter reading supported by 18>8Dt1 and 12T4d (page 208)
      • 6t1 has the same information as the other manuscripts, but with a different construction (page 208)
      • 6T1 has a shorter heading than the other manuscripts (page 210)
      • 18>8Dt1 and 12T4 have minuses, plusses or variants (page 212)
  • 5 The Psalm Headings in the East Syrian Tradition and the Interpretations of the Psalms (page 227)
    • Introduction (page 227)
    • The Interpretation of the Psalms by Diodore and Theodore (page 228)
    • Theodore, East Syriac Headings and Iôdâdh on Psalms 2, 8, 45 and 22 (page 237)
  • Bibliography (page 245)
  • Glossary (page 261)
  • Index (page 281)
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